By: Dana Wagner on
Tom Mulcair, Leader of the Opposition and NDP MP for Outremont, in an interview on January 15, 2015
Of the 192 parties to the Kyoto Protocol, Canada is the only country with a small “w” beside its name to indicate “withdrawal.”FactsCan Score: True
Only one country has withdrawn from the Kyoto Protocol: Canada.
Tom Mulcair, NDP leader, claimed as much in a CBC interview, and he had his facts right.
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that sets reduction targets for greenhouse gas emissions. It was adopted in Kyoto, Japan in 1997, came into force in 2005, and today has 192 parties.
Canada signed on in 1998 and ratified the Protocol in 2002. It withdrew on December 15, 2011 and that action came into effect exactly one year later, on December 15, 2012.
The agreement allows countries to withdraw “at any time after three years from the date on which this Protocol has entered into force.”
Not to be confused with withdrawal, at least three country parties decided not to adopt new commitments in phase two of the Kyoto Protocol, which runs from 2013-2020. These are Japan, New Zealand and Russia. There are other countries that never signed on in the first place, like the United States.
But Canada remains the only country to have formally withdrawn altogether.